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Monday, March 29, 2010

India’s Endangered Species

For all those new to conservation, here is a quick list of species that are struggling for survival in our vast country.
Pick any and start your campaign of conservation today.
Critically Endangered
• Jenkin's Shrew (Crocidura jenkensii). (Endemic to India.)
• Malabar Large-spotted Civet (Viverra civettina).
• Himalayan Wolf (Canis himalayensis) (Endemic to India and Nepal.)
• Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamayopterus biswasi). (Endemic to India.)
• Pygmy Hog (Sus salvanius).
• Salim Ali's Fruit Bat (Latidens salimalii). (Endemic to India.)
• Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis).
• Wroughton's Free-tailed Bat (Otomops wroughtoni). (Endemic to India.)
• Indian Vulture
Endangered
• Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica)
• Asiatic Wild Dog/ Dhole (Cuon alpinus)
• Asiatic Black Bear (Selenarctos thibetanus)
• Desert Cat (Felis libyca ornata)
• Great Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)
• Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus)
• Hoolock Gibbon (Hylobates hoolock)
• Flamingo
• Kashmir Stag/ Hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu)
• Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus)
• Malabar Civet (Viverra civettina)
• Markhor (Capra falconeri)
• Nilgiri Leaf Monkey (Presbytis johni)
• Pygmy Hog (Sus salvanius)
• Andaman Shrew (Crocidura andamanensis). (Endemic to India)
• Andaman Spiny Shrew (Crocidura hispida). (Endemic to India)
• Indian Elephant or Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
• Banteng (Bos javanicus)
• Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
• Capped Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus pileatus)
• Chiru (Tibetan Antelope) (Pantholops hodgsonii)
• Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
• Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)
• Golden Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus geei)
• Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus)
• Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus).
• Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta).
• Hoolock Gibbon (Bunipithecus hoolock) (Previously Hylobates hoolock).
• Indus River Dolphin (Platanista minor).
• Kondana Soft-furred Rat (Millardia kondana). (Endemic to India).
• Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus). (Endemic to India).
• Markhor (Capra falconeri).
• Marsh Mongoose (Herpestes palustris). (Endemic to India.) (Previously considered to be a subspecies of Herpestes javanicus).
• Nicobar Shrew (Crocidura nicobarica). (Endemic to India).
• Nicobar Tree Shrew (Tupaia nicobarica). (Endemic to India).
• Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). (Endemic to India).
• Particolored Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger).
• Peter's Tube-nosed Bat (Murina grisea). (Endemic to India).
• Red Panda(Lesser Panda) (Ailurus fulgens).
• Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis).
• Servant Mouse (Mus famulus). (Endemic to India).
• Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia).
• Tiger (Panthera tigris).
• Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). (Previously Bubalus arnee).
• Woolly Flying Squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus).
• Narcondam Hornbill
• Brow-antlered Deer (Cervus eldi eldi)
• Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)
• Brown Palm Civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni)
• Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
• Common Otter (Lutra lutra)
• Dugong/ Seacow (Dugong dugon)
• Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
• Gaur (Bos gaurus)
• Goral (Nemorhaedus goral)
• Indian Wolf (Canis lupus indica)
• Himalayan W-toothed Shrew (Crocidura attenuata)
• Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster)
• Himalayan Shrew (Soriculus nigrescens)
• Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)
• Indian Fox (Vulpes bengalensis)
• Andaman Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus cognatus). (Endemic to India.)
• Andaman Rat (Rattus stoicus). (Endemic to India.)
• Argali (Ovis ammon).
• Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus).
• Asiatic Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii).
• Asiatic Wild Ass (Equus hemionus).
• Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis).
• Back-striped Weasel (Mustela strigidorsa).
• Barasingha (Cervus duvauceli).
• Bare-bellied Hedgehog (Hemiechinus nudiventris). (Endemic to India.)
• Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra).
• Brown fish owl (Ketupa zeylonensis). (Endemic to India.)
• Central Kashmir Vole (Alticola montosa). (Endemic to India.)
• Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa).
• Day's Shrew (Suncus dayi). (Endemic to India.)
• Dugong (Dugong dugon).
• Eld's Deer (Cervus eldi).
• Elvira Rat (Cremnomys elvira). (Endemic to India.)
• Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra).
• Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus).
• Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis).
• Gaur (Bos frontalis).
• Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus).
• Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
• Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica). (Endemic to India.)
• Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus).
• Jerdon's Palm Civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni). (Endemic to India.)
• Kashmir Cave Bat (Myotis longipes).
• Kerala Rat (Rattus ranjiniae). (Endemic to India.)
• Khajuria's Leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros durgadasi). (Endemic to India.)
• Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros hypophyllus). (Endemic to India.)
• Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros).
• Mainland Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).
• Malayan Porcupine (Hystrix brachyura).
• Mandelli's Mouse-eared Bat (Myotis sicarius).
• Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata).
• Mouflon (or Urial) (Ovis orientalis).
• Nicobar Flying Fox (Pteropus faunulus). (Endemic to India.)
• Nilgiri Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus johnii). (Endemic to India.)
• Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii). (Endemic to India.)
• Nonsense Rat (Rattus burrus). (Endemic to India.)
• Pale Grey Shrew (Crocidura pergrisea). (Endemic to India.)
• Palm Rat (Rattus palmarum). (Endemic to India.)
• Red Goral (Naemorhedus baileyi).
• Royal Bengal Tiger
• Rock Eagle-owl (Bubo bengalensis). (Endemic to India.)
• Rusty-spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus).
• Sikkim Rat (Rattus sikkimensis).
• Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus).
• Slow Loris (Loris tardigradus).
• Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata). (Previously Lutra perspicillata)
• Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus).
• Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura).
• Sri Lankan Highland Shrew (Suncus montanus).
• Stumptail Macaque (Macaca arctoides).
• Takin (Budorcas taxicolor).
• Wild Goat (Capra aegagrus).
• Wild Yak (Bos grunniens).
• Lesser Panda (Ailurus fulgens V)
Threatened
• Indian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur)
• Leopard (Panthera pardus)
• Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes montana)
Image Credit
Flickr photo by mape_s, nborun
Photo by kctsang



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